The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted the regulation EU MRV, which lays down rules for the accurate monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and other relevant information from ships arriving at, within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of an EU Member State, in order to promote the reduction of CO2 emissions from maritime transport in a cost effective manner.
Ships of 5,000 GT and above are required to monitor, report and verify CO2 emissions, during their voyages from their last port of call to a port of call under the jurisdiction of an EU Member State and from a port of call under the jurisdiction of an EU Member State to their next port of call, as well as within ports of call under the jurisdiction of EU Member States.
Monitoring and reporting shall be complete and cover CO2 emissions from the combustion of fuels, while the ships are at sea as well as at berth.
A ship-specific monitoring plan indicating the method chosen to monitor and report CO2 emissions and other relevant information, should be prepared and submitted to verifier.
Each year, shipowner should submit to the Commission and to the authorities of the flag States concerned, an emissions report concerning the CO2 emissions and other relevant information for the entire reporting period for each ship under his responsibility, which has been verified as satisfactory by a verifier.
The verifier, upon satisfactory verification of the emissions report, will issue a Document of Compliance for the ship concerned.