The 2000 amendments to SOLAS 74, Chapter II-2, Reg. 13 require Emergency Escape Breathing Devices (EEBD) which will be used for escape from a compartment that has a hazardous atmosphere. The EEBD have become mandatory under the new amendments for all ships to which the safety equipment certificate is required. The application of EEBDs provisions onboard Panama flag ships shall be as follow:
Number of EEBDs
At least two (2) EEBDs in accommodation spaces of cargo ships and one (1) spare EEBD. Applicable to new and existing ships.
At least two (2) EEBDs per main vertical zone, and a total of two (2) spare EEBDs. Applicable to new and existing passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers.
At least four (4) EEBDs per main vertical zone, and a total of two (2) spare EEBDs. Applicable to new and existing passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers.
For the purpose of this requirement (based on UI MSC/Circ. 1081), the minimum number of EEBDs required on machinery spaces shall be as follows:
One (1) EEBD at the engine control room if located inside the machinery space;
One (1) EEBD at the machine shop or work shop area. If there is, however, a direct access to
an escape way from the workshop, an EEBD is not required; and
One (1) EEBD located near the escape ladder used a second means of escape from the
If the ship has a machinery space with more than one deck, then one (1) EEBD for each deck shall be placed at the same area as above.
Ships with ten or less EEBDs on board shall carry at least one (1) spare device as mentioned above. Ships with 11 to 20 EEBDs on board shall carry at least two spare devices. Ships with more than 20 EEBDs on board shall carry spares equal to at least 10 % of the total EEBDs but no more than 4 spares will be required. Applicable to new and existing ships.
Additional to the above requirements, the EEBD shall have a service duration of at least 10 minutes. Also, the number and location of EEBDs and spares shall be indicated in the fire control plan.
For existing ships, the requirement is to be complied with by the first survey after 1 July 2002. For more reference, the 2000 amendments to SOLAS 74, Chapter II-2, Reg. 1.2.2 clarify the applicable requirements to existing ships.
The detailed technical standards for the EEBD are separately provided in a mandatory code called “The International Code for the Fire Safety System (FSS Code)” adopted simultaneously.
Note: “New ships” cited above means ships constructed on or after 1 July 2002 and “Existing ships” means ships constructed prior to that date.
Authorized Organizations are instructed to follow the above mentioned guidelines, before issuing the appropriate certificate.
Training (as per the IMO MSC.1/Circ.849 – May 1998)
Training in the use of the EEBD should be considered as a part of basic safety training. At least one EEBD training device shall be used for training purposes at first Safety Equipment survey on or after 1st May 2018. This cylinder device will be in addition to EEBDs required for the machinery and accommodation spaces unless onboard means of recharging breathing apparatus cylinders is provided. If the rechargeable means is provided on board no additional training cylinder will be necessary. One of the cylinders must be marked for training only.
Personnel should be trained to immediately don an EEBD prior to exiting a space when the atmosphere becomes life threatening. This is necessary due to the possibility of encountering smoke during escape. Such training should be accomplished by scheduling routine escape drills for crew members working in the engineering or machinery spaces.
An EEBD may also be used to escape from a machinery space due to an accidental release of a fixed CO2 system and can be carried by firefighters for the sole purpose of providing the device to personnel in need of emergency assistance.